Acne Scar Treatment in Altrincham

What are Acne Scars?

Acne scars are the result of inflammation of acne blemishes. The acne pore swells, and a breakdown occurs in the wall of the pore. Some acne blemishes are small, and the scars created are shallow and heal quickly. Sometimes the contents of blemishes spill into the surrounding tissue and cause deeper scars. Severe acne, especially cystic acne, is more likely to leave a permanent scar as it heals.

Acne Scar Treatment FAQs

Atrophic scars

Atrophic scars are flat, shallow depressions that heal below the top layer of skin. These scars are commonly caused by severe cystic acne. However, other types of acne can cause them as well. The appearance of atrophic acne scars can vary depending on a person’s history with acne.

There are three types of atrophic scars:

  • Icepick Scars- Ice pick scars are smaller, more narrow indentations that point down into the skin’s surface. These scars are common on the cheeks. Ice pick scars tend to be very tough to treat, and often require persistent, aggressive treatment.
  • Boxcar Scars- Boxcar scars are broad, usually box-like depressions with sharply defined edges. Boxcar scars are caused by widespread acne, chickenpox, or varicella, a virus causing a red, itchy rash with blisters. Boxcar scars most often form on areas like the lower cheeks and jaw, where skin is relatively thick.
  • Rolling Scars – Rolling scars have a varying depth, with sloping edges that make skin appear wavy and uneven.

Hypertrophic and Keloid scars

Unlike atrophic scars, hypertrophic and keloid scars form as raised lumps of scar tissue where the acne once was. This happens when scar tissue builds up, sometimes from previous acne spots. Hypertrophic scars are the same size as the acne that caused them.

Keloid scars create a scar larger than the acne that caused them and grow beyond the sides of the original spot. Hypertrophic and keloid scars are more common on areas such as the jawline, chest, back, and shoulders. People with a darker skin colour are more likely to develop this type of scarring.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation & Erythema

Once your acne heals, it often leaves behind a darker or discoloured patch of skin.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation can occur when skin is damaged by severe acne, or if you’ve picked at your acne. People most likely to experience post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation include those who have darker skin and those who pick or squeeze their acne.

Acne breakouts sometimes leave red, pink, or purple patches in their wake. These stubborn spots are known as Post-Inflammatory Erythema (PIE). PIE is most likely to occur in people with lighter skin tones, such as skin types I, II, and III on the Fitzpatrick skin phototype scale.

Acne is usually a temporary problem, but acne scars can be permanent. However unwelcome they may be, scars are part of the skin’s normal healing process after it has been damaged by a wound or injury. Most superficial wounds heal without scarring. It’s when the dermis is damaged that scars form on the skin.

Acne scars are most often the product of an inflamed lesion, such as a papulepustule, or cyst. Inflamed blemishes occur when the follicle, or pore, becomes engorged with excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The pore swells, causing a break in the follicle wall.

If the rupture occurs near the skin’s surface, the lesion is usually minor and heals quickly. More serious lesions arise when there is a deep break in the follicle wall. The infected material spills out into the dermis and destroys healthy skin tissue.

To repair the damage done to the dermis, the skin forms new collagen fibres. Collagen is the fibrous protein that gives the skin its strength and flexibility. Unfortunately, the finished “repair job” never looks as smooth and flawless as before the injury.

Inflammation is the single greatest gauge of scar development. The greater the inflammation on the skin, the more likely scarring is to occur. Deep breakouts that take a long time to heal also increase the chance of scarring.

Treatment in clinic will vary depending on the type of scarring, its severity, and the patients skin type.

Alumier MD Chemical Peel – Glycolic or salicylic acid is used to remove the outer layers of skin. This treatment is only suitable for superficial scarring.

SkinPen Precision Microneedling – This revolution in scar management works by first creating low level trauma to the surface of the skin encouraging an immune response. The skin then heals and new dermal tissues and blood vessels form, remodelling the scar tissue to leave the skin smoother with improved texture and a reduction in visible scarring.

Treatment for acne scars at home focuses on your personalised AlumierMD prescription. Alumier MD uses the most current, effective, and stable ingredients on the market providing innovative prescription skincare that can be prescribed by your skin therapists. Making results easier and long lasting without having to worry about destabilising the skin and it returning to its original state.

They offer many products from cleansers, exfoliators, speciality serums, prescription topical retinols, moisturisers, and physical SPFs; all only available via a prescription due to the strength of the product’s active ingredients.

Some of the main products/ingredients used to treat acne scarring at home are:

  • Alpha hydroxy acid- Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are often found in products made to treat acne since they help to remove dead skin and prevent clogged pores. AHAs can also help make acne scars appear less noticeable. The mild acid exfoliates the outer layer of the skin to help remove discoloration and rough skin.
  • Retinoids- Topical retinoids are another acne treatment with scar-smoothing benefits. In addition to speeding up your cell regeneration and improving your skin’s texture, retinoids can also help reduce discoloration and make scars less noticeable. Retinol can also make your skin especially sensitive to the sun. Always wear sunscreen daily when using anything that contains retinoids.
  • Salicylic acid- Chances are high that you’ve already used salicylic acid to treat your acne in the past, Salicylic acid clears pores, reduces swelling and redness, and exfoliates the skin when applied topically. It’s considered to be one of the best treatments for acne scars.
  • Sunscreen- It’s vital to wear sunscreen every day over scars. Sun exposure can darken scars making them more noticeable.

Struggling with Acne Scarring? Book a free consultation at Dermanude Skin Clinic

Reclaim smooth, scar-free skin. Book an acne scar consultation now, and let us guide you towards the correct treatments for your skin. 

HydraFacial in Hale, Altrincham, Greater Manchester with Dermanude Skin Clinic
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